The flag of Iceland was adopted in 1944 on the day that Iceland became a republic. The flag features the classic Nordic cross.
DishesIcelandic fish with white sauce
Time 1 hr
Effort 5/10
Capital Reykjavik
Population 371,580 (179th largest)
Land mass 102,775 km2 (106th largest)
Languages Icelandic
Religions75% Christianity


The first of the I’s: Iceland! Iceland is a Nordic island nation in the North Atlantic, and is the most sparsely (not dense) populated country in Europe. The central volcanic plateau of Iceland is erupting almost constantly and much of the mountainious island is composed of glaciers, glacial rivers, and even lava fields. Civilisation on Iceland was first recorded in 874 AD in Viking times. The present day Iceland ranks very highly on measures of social, economic, and sustainable welfare. In 2020, Iceland ranked 1st on the Global Peace Index and 4th on the Human Development Index.

As a family, we travelled to Iceland in 2017 and did find the cuisine very different to what we were used to. There was a lot of fish and starches, and other dishes typical of Scandi countries. Due to Iceland’s climate, fresh fruit and vegetables and herbs / spices are not widely used in traditional cuisine. With this in mind, Bee was not able to find a good vegan recipe, but Mwara made an Icelandic inspired dish: roasted Icelandic cod with white onion sauce, boiled potatoes, and cabbage. There are lot of great recipes to try out though, so we will definitely be revisiting Iceland in our kitchen soon!



  • 2 large white onions, finely diced
  • 1 tbsp butter
  • 1 tbsp plain flour
  • 5 tbsp milk
  • 1 fresh cod fillet per person
  • 1/2 kg potatoes, diced
  • 1 cabbage, roughly sliced
  • salt + pepper to taste


  1. Prepare all your ingredients: fry the cod and freshen with lemon juice, boil the potatoes, boil the cabbage and prep the onions.
  2. In a large saucepan, melt the butter on a medium heat and soften the chopped onions. Then add in the flour and milk and stir to thicken into a smooth sauce.
  3. Serve up the fresh fish with the boiled potatoes and cabbage on the side. Pour the white onion sauce over the dish and ENJOY!
Þakka þér fyrir and see you in India! M + B x

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